Yes. The remaining parent can make an objection to the relocation of his child to Israel.
If a parent applies to the local courts for permission to relocate, then the remaining parent can defend that application, based on the welfare of the child. However the principles used by Western courts to decide on relocation are similar to those used in Israel, and if the relocating parent’s proposals are legitimate and reasonable, there is a reasonable chance that permission to relocate will be given.
If the ‘relocating’ parent does not apply for prior permission from a local court, or does but is refused permission, and does actually remove the child, then the ‘relocating’ parent will have in fact abducted the child to Israel.